Kickstart Your Journey with an Effective Keto Diet Plan

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Written By Emma Roberts
Keto Diet Plan

The ketogenic diet, or the keto diet as it’s commonly known, has been making waves in the health and wellness community. Its primary principle is based on a shift in your body’s metabolic state by drastically lowering your carbohydrate intake and significantly increasing your fat consumption. This dietary change pushes your body into a metabolic process known as ketosis, which is the cornerstone of the keto diet plan.

During ketosis, your body, having limited access to glucose from carbs, starts to efficiently burn fat for energy. This shift has significant implications on your health, and while it’s most notably associated with weight loss, its benefits extend beyond that.

Brief History of the Ketogenic Diet

Interestingly, the ketogenic diet wasn’t conceptualised as a weight-loss plan. The history of this diet dates back to the 1920s when it was used as an effective natural therapy for children with epilepsy that did not respond to available medication.

ketogenic diet

Researchers found that fasting reduced the frequency of seizures, and being in ketosis had a similar effect. Thus, the ketogenic diet, which induced ketosis without the need for fasting, was born. Over the years, the diet’s applicability has grown, and now it is lauded as a potent weight loss and general health management tool.

Embracing a keto diet plan signifies a commitment to a lifestyle change that could lead to impressive health benefits, and in the following sections, we’ll delve deeper into what it entails.

What is Ketosis and Why is it Beneficial?

At the heart of the ketogenic diet is a metabolic state known as ketosis. But what exactly is ketosis, and why is it something you might want to achieve?

Ketosis is a metabolic process that your body enters when it doesn’t have enough carbohydrates from food for your cells to burn for energy. Instead, your body begins to burn fat, which leads to the production of molecules called ketones. These ketones serve as an alternative energy source for your body, especially for your brain.

Ketosis is generally considered beneficial for a few reasons. First, it helps your body to burn fat more efficiently, which can lead to weight loss. This is the primary reason many people adopt a keto diet plan.

Secondly, because your body can only store a limited amount of carbohydrates, relying on ketones for energy means you have a near-constant energy source. This can help to improve your endurance and physical performance.

Lastly, being in ketosis might have health benefits beyond weight loss. Some research suggests that it could potentially help manage certain medical conditions, like epilepsy, diabetes, and even certain cancers. However, more research is needed in these areas to fully understand the benefits.

Health Benefits of the Keto Diet

Keto Diet for Weight Loss

One of the most touted benefits of the ketogenic diet is its efficacy for weight loss. There are several reasons why a keto diet or ketogenic meal plan might help individuals lose weight more effectively than other diets.

Firstly, a high-fat, low-carb diet may help reduce hunger and control cravings, making it easier to reduce calorie intake. Additionally, by forcing your body to burn fat for fuel, a ketogenic diet can directly target body fat reserves.

Lastly, the ketogenic diet may help control levels of the hunger hormone, ghrelin, and increase levels of the satiety hormone, leptin, leading to a reduction in hunger and appetite.

Keto Diet for Weight Loss

Blood Sugar Control and the Keto Diet

The ketogenic diet can have a profound effect on blood sugar levels and insulin sensitivity. By dramatically reducing carbohydrate intake, the diet can help stabilise blood sugar levels and, in some cases, reverse insulin resistance. This could be particularly beneficial for individuals with type 2 diabetes or those at risk of developing this condition.

Impact on Cardiovascular Disease

There’s a common misconception that the high fat content of the ketogenic diet could negatively impact heart health. However, the type of fats consumed on a well-formulated keto diet plan are primarily healthy fats such as monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats.

Studies suggest that the ketogenic diet can lead to improvements in cardiovascular risk factors. For instance, it may help lower levels of triglycerides, LDL cholesterol (the ‘bad’ cholesterol), and blood sugar while increasing the level of HDL cholesterol (the ‘good’ cholesterol).

Different Types of Keto Meal Planning?

Vegetarian Keto Meal Planning:

It is indeed possible to follow a vegetarian lifestyle while being on a keto diet. Here you focus on plant-based, high fat, low carb foods, though you still can eat meats, dairy and eggs.

Breakfast: Keto-friendly smoothie made with spinach, unsweetened almond milk, and a handful of mixed berries.

Lunch: Greek salad with feta cheese.

Dinner: Zucchini noodles (zoodles) topped with a creamy avocado pesto.

Vegetarian Keto Meal Planning

Vegan Keto Meal Planning:

A vegan keto diet may be a bit challenging but is doable. Here, you stick to vegan foods that are low in carbs and high in fat.

Breakfast: Chia pudding made with unsweetened almond milk and a handful of berries.

Lunch: Tofu stir fry with mixed vegetables.

Dinner: Vegan Alfredo made with cauliflower and almond milk over zoodles.

Dairy-Free Keto Meal Planning:

If you’re lactose intolerant or trying to cut down on dairy, you can still follow a keto diet.

Breakfast: Scrambled eggs with avocado.

Lunch: Grilled chicken salad with olive oil dressing.

Dinner: Grilled fish with a side of asparagus.

Nut-Free Keto Meal Planning:

If you have a nut allergy, no worries. You can still follow a keto diet without including nuts.

Breakfast: Full-fat Greek yogurt with seeds and berries.

Lunch: Chicken Caesar salad.

Dinner: Steak with a side of green beans sautéed in olive oil.

Seafood Keto Meal Planning:

For pescatarians or seafood lovers, a seafood-focused keto meal plan might be ideal.

Breakfast: Smoked salmon and cream cheese roll-ups.

Lunch: Shrimp salad with olive oil dressing.

Dinner: Grilled salmon with a side of sautéed spinach.

Vegetarian Keto Meal Planning

Planning Your Keto Diet Meal Plan

Embarking on a ketogenic diet requires thoughtful planning to ensure that you maintain a low carbohydrate and fat intake, while simultaneously obtaining sufficient nutrients from other food sources.

Essential Ingredients for a Keto Diet

The key to a successful keto diet meal plan lies in selecting the right ingredients. Let’s take a look at some must-have items for your keto meal plans shopping list.

Olive Oil and Avocado Oil

Olive oil and avocado oil are rich in heart-healthy monounsaturated fats. They are ideal for cooking and making dressings or sauces. Their zero carb content makes them a perfect addition to the keto diet.

Coconut Oil and Coconut Milk

Coconut oil is high in medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs) which can be converted directly into ketones. This can help you reach ketosis more quickly. Similarly, unsweetened coconut milk can be a great dairy substitute on a keto diet.

Cream Cheese, Cheddar Cheese, and Other High Fat Dairy

Full-fat dairy products are excellent sources of healthy fats and protein. Foods like cream cheese, cheddar cheese, and Greek yoghurt can fit seamlessly into your keto meal plan.

Keto-Friendly Vegetables: Understanding Low Carb Veggies

Vegetables are a critical part of any healthy diet due to their rich vitamin and mineral content. However, some veggies are high in carbs and need to be limited on a keto diet. Opt for low carb vegetables like spinach, broccoli, zucchini, and bell peppers.

Keto-Friendly Proteins: Fatty Fish, Meats, and Eggs

Fatty fish like salmon, mackerel, and sardines are rich in omega-3 fatty acids and make an excellent addition to a keto diet. Meats and eggs are also high in protein and very low in carbs, making them suitable for a keto meal plan.

Avoiding High Carb Foods and Sugary Foods

A critical part of your keto diet plan is knowing what not to eat. Foods high in carbs such as bread, pasta, rice, and sugary foods like candy and soda should be avoided.

Keto Meal Planning

How to create your own keto meal plan?

Creating your own keto meal plan can be a simple and rewarding process once you understand the fundamentals of the ketogenic diet. Here are some pointers to help you create a personalised keto meal plans and plan:

Keto Plate:

A keto plate is a concept that represents the portioning of food groups on your plate to align with the various macronutrient intake requirements of a ketogenic diet. To achieve the state of ketosis, where the body starts burning fat for energy instead of carbohydrates, the standard ketogenic diet typically recommends the following macronutrient distribution:

70-75% of calories from saturated fats. fats

20-25% of calories from proteins

5-10% of calories from carbohydrates

Here’s how this might look on a typical “keto plate”:

1. Fats (70-75%):

The majority of your plate should comprise of healthy foods and fats. This could include:

  • Cooking oils (like olive oil, coconut oil, or avocado oil)
  • Fatty meats (like salmon, steak, and chicken thighs)
  • Avocados
  • Nuts and seeds
  • Butter and cheese
  • Olives
  • High-fat sauces or dressings

2. Proteins (20-25%):

About a quarter of your plate should consist of protein sources. Good protein options are:

  • Lean meats (like chicken breast, turkey, or pork)
  • Eggs
  • Fish and seafood
  • Nuts and seeds (also a good source of fats)
  • Cheese (also high in fats)

3. Carbohydrates (5-10%):

Only a small portion of your plate should be carbohydrates, and these should be primarily from non-starchy vegetables and other low-carb foods. Suitable options could be:

  • Leafy green vegetables (spinach, kale, lettuce)
  • Cruciferous vegetables (broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage)
  • Zucchini, cucumber, and bell peppers
  • Tomatoes
  • Berries (in moderation)
  • Avocados (although they’re high in fats, they also have some carbs)
Keto Meal Planning

Foods to Eat on Keto

The Keto diet is focused on foods that are low in carbohydrates and high in fat. Here are some of the food groups you should focus on:

Healthy Fats:

  • Olive oil, avocado oil, and coconut oil
  • Butter and ghee
  • Nuts and seeds, such as almonds, walnuts, flaxseeds, and chia seeds


  • Fatty fish, such as salmon, mackerel, and sardines
  • Grass-fed meats, poultry, and eggs
  • Low-Carb Vegetables
  • Leafy greens, broccoli, cauliflower, zucchini, bell peppers, cucumbers, and tomatoes


  • Full-fat dairy like cheese, cream, and yoghurt
  • Beverages
  • Water, black coffee, and unsweetened tea

Foods Not to Eat on Keto

As the Keto diet is a low-carb diet, foods high in carbohydrates should be avoided. Here are some foods you should try to avoid:

High-Carb Fruits:

  • Bananas, apples, oranges, and grapes

Starchy Vegetables:

  • Potatoes, sweet potatoes, peas, and corn

Grains and Legumes:

  • Rice, pasta, bread, and beans

Sugary Foods:

  • Cakes, biscuits, sweets, and fizzy drinks

Processed Foods:

  • Fast food, processed meats (like hot dogs), and prepackaged meals

Alcoholic Beverages:

  • Beer, sweet wine, and sugary cocktails

Snacks allowed on a keto diet plan

Snacking on a ketogenic diet can be a bit tricky, as many traditional snack foods are high in carbohydrates. However, there are still many low-carb options that can satisfy your hunger between keto meals. Here are a few examples:

  • A handful of nuts: such as almonds or macadamias
  • A small portion of full-fat yoghurt with chia seeds
  • Celery sticks with almond butter
  • Cucumber slices with cream cheese
  • Boiled eggs
  • A small portion of olives
  • A few slices of cheese with a small serving of high-quality cured meats

7-Day Keto Diet Meal Plan Sample

Day 1

  • Breakfast: Scrambled eggs in butter with smoked salmon and a sprinkle of fresh chives.
  • Lunch: Chicken Caesar salad with crispy bacon and a boiled egg. Hold the croutons to keep it keto.
  • Dinner: Seared salmon with asparagus cooked in garlic and butter.

Day 2

  • Breakfast: Full fat Greek yoghurt with a handful of crushed almonds and a sprinkle of chia seeds.
  • Lunch: Lettuce wrap with grilled chicken, avocado, cherry tomatoes and mayonnaise.
  • Dinner: Sirloin steak with a side of broccoli and cauliflower mash topped with cheddar cheese.

Day 3

  • Breakfast: Two boiled eggs with a side of avocado and a handful of blueberries.
  • Lunch: Tuna salad with lettuce, cucumber, bell peppers, cherry tomatoes and olives, with olive oil and vinegar dressing.
  • Dinner: Grilled lamb chops with a side of spinach sautéed in butter.

Day 4

  • Breakfast: Smoothie made with full fat coconut milk, a handful of spinach, peanut butter, chia seeds, and protein powder.
  • Lunch: Grilled halloumi salad with a dressing of olive oil and lemon.
  • Dinner: Chicken stir-fry cooked in coconut oil, with broccoli, mushrooms, and peppers.

Day 5

  • Breakfast: Omelette with mushrooms, cheese, and a side of green salad.
  • Lunch: Smoked mackerel on a bed of mixed leafy greens, tossed with olive oil and apple cider vinegar.
  • Dinner: Pork belly slices with roasted Brussels sprouts and a cheese sauce.

Day 6

  • Breakfast: Full fat cottage cheese with a handful of walnuts and a small portion of blackberries.
  • Lunch: Bunless burger with a slice of cheese, bacon, avocado and a side of coleslaw.
  • Dinner: Baked cod fillet with a side of asparagus cooked in butter and garlic.

Day 7

  • Breakfast: Chia seed pudding made with almond milk, topped with a few raspberries.
  • Lunch: Chicken and avocado salad with a hard-boiled egg, bacon, and a mustard dressing.
  • Dinner: Beef stew made with carrots, onions, celery, herbs, and beef stock.
Keto Meal Planning

FAQs about keto diet plan

Q: What do you eat on a keto diet plan?

A: A ketogenic diet plan primarily consists of foods high in fats, moderate in protein, and very low in carbohydrates. This includes foods like meat, fish, eggs, cheese, avocados, nuts, and low-carb vegetables.

Q: What do you eat the first week of keto?

A: The first week on keto should focus on transitioning your diet. You’ll want to consume high-fat foods like avocados, cheese, and fatty meats, moderate amounts of protein, and restrict your carb intake. Eating plenty of leafy green vegetables can also help during this period.

Q: What delicious keto recipes that are the top 10 keto foods?

A: The top 10 keto foods could include: avocados, eggs, fatty fish like salmon, cheese, meat, olive oil, nuts and seeds, low-carb vegetables like spinach and broccoli, butter and cream, and berries in moderation.

Q: What food can’t you eat on keto?

A: Foods high in carbs should be avoided on a keto diet. These include bread, pasta, rice, sugary drinks, most fruits (apart from berries in moderation), beans and legumes, potatoes and other starchy vegetables, and processed foods.

Q: What is an example of a good keto meal?

A: A good keto meal might be a grilled salmon fillet served with a side of sautéed spinach cooked in olive oil, and a handful of macadamia nuts for extra fats.

Q: What is a keto diet plan?

A: A ketogenic or keto diet plan is a low-carb, high-fat diet that offers many health benefits. The main goal of this diet is to get your body into a metabolic state known as ketosis, where your body becomes very efficient at burning fat for energy instead of carbohydrates. It also turns fat into ketones in the liver, which can supply energy for the brain.

Q: How to plan a keto diet?

A: Planning a keto diet involves several steps:
1. Understanding your macronutrient breakdown – Typically, a ketogenic diet consists of 70-75% of calories from fat, 20% from protein, and 5-10% from carbs.
2. Knowing which foods to eat and avoid – Foods to eat on a keto diet include meats, fatty fish, eggs, butter, cream, cheese, nuts, healthy oils, avocados, and low-carb veggies. Foods to avoid include sugary foods, grains, fruit, beans, root vegetables, alcohol and diet foods.
3. Meal planning and prep – Create a meal plan for the week that fits your macronutrient breakdown. This might include batch cooking and storing meals.

Q: How to start a keto diet plan?

A: Starting a keto diet plan often involves a few key steps:
1. Consult a healthcare professional to ensure it’s a good fit for you.
2. Familiarise yourself with foods that are keto-friendly and those that are not.
3. Plan your meals and grocery list around these foods.
4. Track your carb intake to ensure you’re staying within your limits.
5. Stay hydrated and keep an eye on electrolytes, as shifting to a keto diet can sometimes cause initial side effects, often referred to as the ‘keto flu’.

Q: What is a dirty keto diet plan?

A: Dirty keto follows the same macronutrient breakdown as a standard keto diet – high fat, moderate protein, and low carbohydrate – but it doesn’t prioritize the quality of the food. So, as long as the macronutrient breakdown is achieved, any food, irrespective of its nutritional value, can be included. This means processed and fast foods could be included, as long as they’re low in carbs and high in fat. This approach is in contrast to a ‘clean’ keto diet which emphasizes nutrient-rich, whole foods.

Q: Can I lose 20 pounds in one month on a keto diet?

A: Weight loss can vary greatly from person to person and while it’s possible to lose weight quickly on the keto diet, a loss of 20 pounds in one month is quite aggressive. A more sustainable weight loss rate is typically 1-2 pounds per week, but this can vary based on individual circumstances. Always consult with a healthcare provider before starting any new diet plan.

Q: What should I eat on the first couple days of keto?

A: In the first few days of keto, focus on high-fat foods such as avocados, fatty meats, oils, and low-carb vegetables. Keep your protein moderate and your carbs low. The aim is to start transitioning your body into ketosis.

Q: How many meals a day on keto?

A: The number of meals can vary based on personal preference and lifestyle. Some people prefer three meals a day, while others might opt for two meals or even practice intermittent fasting. It’s important to find a routine that works for you and keeps you satisfied.

Q: Can you eat 3 meals a day on keto?

A: Yes, you can definitely eat three meals a day on keto. The important aspect is not necessarily the number of meals but the composition of those meals — high in fat, moderate in protein, and low in net carbs.

Keto Meal Planning


In conclusion, the ketogenic or keto diet is a low-carbohydrate, high-fat diet with a multitude of potential health benefits. Its core principle is to shift the body’s metabolism towards fats and ketones rather than carbohydrates, enabling potential weight loss and other health advantages. The versatility of this diet allows various strategies and types of planning, such as high-protein keto, intermittent fasting, budget keto diets, and family meal planning. Creating your own keto meal plan can be customized to your individual needs and preferences, involving careful selection of foods to consume and avoid, portion control, and meal preparation. However, it is crucial to consult healthcare professionals before starting a keto diet, especially for those with specific dietary requirements or underlying health conditions. Ultimately, successful adherence to the keto diet requires a comprehensive understanding of the diet, mindfulness of food choices, and consistent self-monitoring.